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IBA301 final exam 2017

QUESTION 1Which of the following is not characteristic of globalization? National economies are turning into independent economic systems. Material culture is starting to look similar the world over. Perceived distance is shrinking due to advances in transportation and telecommunications. Barriers to cross-border trade and investment are declining.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 2Globalization has _____ the opportunities for a firm to expand its revenues by selling around the world and _____ its costs by producing in nations where key inputs are cheap. reduced, reduced increased, increased increased, reduced reduced, increased2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 3Since the collapse of communism at the end of the 1980s, the erstwhile communist nations have transformed their economies by encouraging all of the following except: privatizing state-owned enterprises. regulating markets. increasing competition. welcoming investment by foreign businesses.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 4Identify the incorrect statement concerning globalization. It has been blamed for unemployment in developed nations, environmental degradation and the Americanization of popular culture. It has created new threats for businesses accustomed to dominating their domestic markets. It is transforming industries and is highly welcomed by those who believed their jobs were protected from foreign competition. According to most economists it is a very beneficial process where gains outweigh the losses by a wide margin.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 5In the U.S., _____ percent of firms that export are small companies employing fewer than 100 people. 90 75 50 302.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 6Interdependent political, economic, and legal systems of a country make up its: administrative agenda. socioeconomic fabric. economic environment. political economy.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 7_____ is consistent with the notion that an individual’s right to do something may be restricted because it runs counter to “the good of society” or “the common good.” Entrepreneurship Collectivism Free enterprise Capitalism2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 8According to _____, socialism can only be achieved through violent revolution. capitalists communists social democrats democrats2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 9_____ is/are best defined as shared assumptions about how things ought to be. Norms Values Society Culture2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 10_____ are social conventions concerning things such as the appropriate dress code in a particular situation, good social manners, eating with the correct utensils, neighborly behavior, and the like. Values Beliefs Mores Folkways2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 11Mores are: the norms that are seen as central to the functioning of a society and its social life. the routine conventions of everyday life. abstract ideas about what a group believes to be right, good, and desirable. the social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 12The theory of _____, developed by Michael Porter, focuses on the importance of country factors, in addition to factor endowments, such as domestic demand and domestic rivalry in explaining a nation’s dominance in the production and export of particular products. new trade absolute advantage comparative advantage national competitive advantage2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 13The theory of _____ makes a crude case for government involvement in promoting exports and limiting imports. mercantilism free trade absolute advantage comparative advantage2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 14By lowering production costs, _____ help domestic producers compete against foreign imports. tariffs duties quotas subsidies2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 15In the United States, the only firms allowed to import cheese are certain trading companies, each of which is allocated the right to import a maximum number of pounds of cheese each year. Identify the trade restriction being imposed by the United States. Import quota Subsidy Ad valorem tariff Specific tariff2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 16A quota rent is: a quota on trade imposed by the exporting country. levied as a fixed charge for each unit of a good imported. levied as a proportion of the value of the imported good. the extra profit producers make when supply is artificially limited by an import quota.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 17Which of the following is not a reason why firms prefer to acquire existing assets rather than undertake greenfield investments? Foreign firms are acquired because those firms have valuable strategic assets. Firms make acquisitions because they believe they can increase the efficiency of the acquired unit by transferring capital, technology, or management skills. Even though greenfield investments are comparatively less risky for a firm, acquisitions always yield higher profits. Mergers and acquisitions are quicker to execute than greenfield investments.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 18The rise in FDI in the services sector is a result of all of the following except: the general move in many developed countries away from manufacturing and toward services. accelerating regulations of services. many services cannot be traded internationally. many countries have liberalized their regimes governing FDI in services.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 19Identify the theory that seeks to explain why firms often prefer foreign direct investment over licensing as a strategy for entering foreign markets. Internalization theory Internationalization theory Perfect markets theory Small markets theory2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 20An agreement between countries in a geographic region to reduce tariff and nontariff barriers to the free flow of goods, services, and factors of production between each other is referred to as: regional economic integration. socioeconomic integration. political integration. economic-political integration.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 21In 1991, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay implemented an agreement known as: NAFTA. MERCOSUR. APEC. FTAA.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 22Which of the following is true of a common market? All barriers to the trade of goods and services among member countries are removed and each country maintains its own policy toward nonmember countries. It involves the free flow of products and factors of production between member countries and adoption of individual external trade policies. It has no barriers to trade between member countries, includes a common external trade policy, and allows factors of production to move freely between members. It eliminates trade barriers between member countries and adopts a common external trade policy and a common currency.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 23The rate at which one currency is converted into another is the: replacement percentage. resale rate. exchange rate. interchange ratio.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 24The _____ helps us to compare the relative prices of goods and services in different countries. interest rate customs rate exchange rate tariff rate2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 25When two parties agree to exchange currency and execute the deal immediately, the transaction is a: point-in-time exchange. temporal exchange. spot exchange. forward exchange.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 26If lots of people want euros and euros are in short supply, and a few people want Japanese yen and yen are in plentiful supply, the euro is likely to _____ against the yen. depreciate appreciate devalue stabilize2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 27If the demand for dollars outstrips its supply and if the supply of Japanese yen is greater than the demand for it, what will happen? The dollar will appreciate against the yen The dollar will depreciate against the yen The exchange rates will remain the same The yen will appreciate against the dollar2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 28A _____ means the value of the currency is fixed relative to a reference currency. pegged exchange rate dynamic exchange rate floating exchange rate fixed exchange rate2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 29The gold standard had its origin in the use of _____ as a medium of exchange, unitof account, and store of value. the U.S. dollar the British pound paper currency gold coins2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 30The great strength claimed for the gold standard was that it contained a powerful mechanism for achieving _____ by all countries. balance-of-trade equilibrium economic stability interest rate parity equal tariff levels2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 31Market makers are: financial service companies that connect investors and borrowers. those who want to borrow money including individuals, companies, and governments. nonbank financial institutions who want to invest money. high net worth individuals with surplus cash to reinvest.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 32All of the following are benefits of global capital markets, except: they increase the supply of funds available to borrowers. that the risk to the investment portfolio is reduced to below what could be achieved in a purely domestic capital market. they provide a wider range of investment opportunities to investors. they have higher cost of capital as compared to purely domestic capital markets.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 33Which of the following statements is not true? The way to increase the profitability of a firm is to create more value. The amount of value a firm creates is measured by the difference between its costs of production and the value that consumers perceive in its products. The more value customers place on a firm’s products, the higher the price the firm is able to charge for those products. The price a firm charges for a good or service is typically more than the value the customer places on that good or service.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 34The price a firm charges for a good or service is typically less than the value placed on that good or service by the customer. This is because: the customer’s disposable income is significantly higher than what the market demands. the customer captures some of that value in the form of a consumer surplus. regulatory mechanisms ensure that the customer is not overcharged for products/services. marketers implement psychological pricing tactics to ensure that customers perceive the prices to be low.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 35Which of the following is an example of a primary activity in a firm’s value chain? Information systems Research and development Logistics Human relations2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 36When companies disperse different stages of the value chain to those locations around the world where perceived value is maximized or where the costs of value creation are minimized, companies create: a differentiated organization. a location economy curve. economies of scale. a global web of value creation activities.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 37For U.S. firms, the most comprehensive source of export opportunities information is the: Small Business Administration. U.S. Department of Commerce. Federal Trade Commission. foreign embassy.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 38A “best prospects” list: gives the names and addresses of potential distributors in the domestic market. is provided by the United States and Foreign Commercial Service Agency. can provide a firm free, customized market research survey on any product. provides information gathering, technical assistance, and export subsidies.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 39According to Levitt, which of the following statements is true? Technology drives the world toward a converging commonalty. There are accustomed differences in national preferences. The multinational corporation operates in a number of countries at low relative costs. The global corporation operates with resolute consistency at high relative costs.2.5 points Save AnswerQUESTION 40Which of the following statements is false? Product reliability may be a more important attribute in most advanced countries. Consumers in highly developed countries tend to build a lot of extra performance attributes into their products. Consumers in the most developed countries are often not willing to sacrifice their preferred attributes for lower prices. Consumers in the most advanced countries often shun globally standardized products that have been developed with the lowest common denominator in mind.

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