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reli448 final exam 2017 feb25

Question 1.1. (TCO 1) A common element often found in
religions is: (Points : 4)
respect for
sculpture.
feelings of
wonder.
rules governing
meditation.
use of
permanent places of worship.

Question 2.2. (TCO 1) The position that argues that we
cannot know whether there is a god or not is known as: (Points : 4)
monotheism.
polytheism.
atheism.
agnosticism.

Question 3.3. (TCO 2) Who was the American psychologist who
viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive
influence on the lives of individuals? (Points : 4)
James Frazer
Carl Gustav
Jung
Sigmund Freud
William James

Question 4.4. (TCO 4) Who was the French sociologist who
argued that religious behavior is relative to the society in which it is found
and that a society will use a religion to reinforce its own values? (Points :
4)
William James
Wilhelm Schmidt
Carl Gustav
Jung
Emile Durkheim

Question 5.5. (TCO 4) Name the French thinker who moved away
from structuralism towards a technique called destructuralism, which rejects
the usual interpretation of religious origins. (Points : 4)
Foucault
Durkheim
Derrida
Levi-Strauss

Question 6.6. (TCO 8) One feature that probably contributed
to the rich developments in Hinduism was which of the following? (Points : 4)
the constant
invasions of India by foreigners
the frequent
floods and fires across India
India’s
isolation from other areas
India’s
extensive natural resources

Question 7.7. (TCO 8) The power of a god is often symbolized
by: (Points : 4)
lightening
bolts.
rings of fire.
animals.
many arms.

Question 8.8. (TCO 9) The moral law of cause and effect that
determines the direction of rebirth is: (Points : 4)
ahimsa.
karma.
shakti.
puja.

Question 9.9. (TCO 10) The most accurate descriptor of
Jainism is: (Points : 4)
polytheistic.
monotheistic.
atheistic.
nontheistic.

Question 10.10. (TCO 8) The Buddha’s first disciples were:
(Points : 4)
his wife and
child.
his five former
ascetic companions.
the great king
Ashoka.
members of the
warrior-noble class.

Question 11.11. (TCO 8) The Buddhist term for sorrow or
suffering is: (Points : 4)
dukkha.
tanha.
anatta.
anichcha.

Question 12.12. (TCO 8) By his teachings, Confucius hoped
to: (Points : 4)
counter the
influx of Buddhism into China.
produce
virtuous people and create a harmonious society.
make a break
with the past and focus China on the future.
draw people
closer to Tian (Heaven).

Question 13.13. (TCO 8) For Confucius, a person who follows
the way of heaven: (Points : 4)
lives close to
nature.
is a great
warrior.
lives the
Golden Mean and avoids extremes.
is meek and
humble.

Question 14.14. (TCO 9) According to the Daoists, if one
leaves behind desires for individual things, one will: (Points : 4)
die.
be reborn to a
better life.
see things
differently.
become
nameless.

Question 15.15. (TCO 9) In Zhuangzi’s (Chuang Tzu’s) famous
dream, he was not certain that he was not: (Points : 4)
Confucius.
an ox.
a butterfly.
a Daoist.

Question 16.16. (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world
religions are minor religions except: (Points : 4)
Shinto.
Buddhism.
Taoism.
Jainism.

Question 17.17. (TCO 11) Shinto is characterized by: (Points
: 4)
respect for
nature and a centralized religious bureaucracy.
love of beauty
but little influence on Japanese art.
love of beauty
but few religious rituals.
respect for
nature and many religious rituals.

Question 18.18. (TCO 6) Someone inspired by God to speak for
him was called a: (Points : 4)
priest.
rabbi.
prophet.
king.

Question 19.19. (TCO 6) A savior figure to be sent by God to
bring in God’s kingdom is the: (Points : 4)
King.
Suffering
Servant.
Messiah.
Prophet.

Question 20.20. (TCO 6) A joyful spring festival that
recalls the Hebrews’ exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression is: (Points
: 4)
Yom Kippur.
Passover
(Seder).
Purim.
Hanukkah.

Question 21.21. (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his
teachings in: (Points : 4)
ten
commandments.
one
commandment.
two
commandments.
five
commandments.

Question 22.22. (TCO 7) The most Jewish of the Gospels is:
(Points : 4)
Matthew.
Mark.
Luke.
John.

Question 23.23. (TCO 6) Like Judaism, Islam forbids: (Points
: 4)
eating
unleavened bread.
wearing of
veils by women.
eating pork.
wearing gold
jewelry.

Question 24.24. (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth
month of the Muslim calendar, is known as: (Points : 4)
Id al-Adha.
Kabah.
Ramadan.
Qur’an.

Question 25.25. (TCO 12) The Baha’is found a messianic
figure in: (Points : 4)
a young Persian
aristocrat, Baha’u’llah.
an Ethiopian
king.
a writer of
science fiction.
a Jamaican
farmer.

1. (TCO 4) Compare and contrast Carl Gustav Jung’s theory
about the origin of religions with William James’s theory. How do each of these
psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Next, analyze how the
insights of Jung or James might illuminate your religious tradition or the
tradition with which you are the most familiar. How would Jung or James
understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g.,
a specific belief or ritual).
(Points : 50)

Question 2. 2. (TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Three Marks
of Reality; in particular, concept of the no-soul doctrine. How do these differ
from the Hindu concept of reality? Include enough details to support your
answer.
(Points : 50)

Question 3. 3. (TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Anselm’s
Ontological Argument for the existence of God: God cannot be conceived not to
exist. God is that, than which nothing greater can be conceived. That which can
be conceived not to exist is not God.
AND it assuredly exists so truly, that it cannot be
conceived not to exist. For, it is possible to conceive of a being which cannot
be conceived not to exist; and this is greater than one which can be conceived
not to exist. Hence, if that, than which nothing greater can be conceived, can
be conceived not to exist, it is not that, than which nothing greater can be
conceived. But this is an irreconcilable contradiction. There is, then, so
truly a being than which nothing greater can be conceived to exist, that it
cannot even be conceived not to exist;. and this being you are, O Lord, our
God.

So truly, therefore, do you exist, O Lord, my God, that you
can not be conceived not to exist; and rightly. For, if a mind could conceive
of a being better than you, the creature would rise above the Creator; and this
is most absurd. And, indeed, whatever else there is, except you alone, can be
conceived not to exist. To you alone, therefore, it belongs to exist more truly
than all other beings, and hence in a higher degree than all others. For,
whatever else exists does not exist so truly, and hence in a less degree it
belongs to it to exist. Why, then, has the fool said in his heart, there is no
God (Psalms xiv. 1), since it is so evident, to a rational mind, that you do
exist in the highest degree of all? Why, except that he is dull and a fool?

Briefly explain and then evaluate this proof for the
existence of God.

(Points : 50)

Question 4. 4. (TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns
in indigeneous religions. Use examples from traditional Hawaiian religion to
support your answer.
(Points : 50)

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