In class we discussed stoichiometric (ideal) combustion of hydrocarbons in ideal dry air, and introduced the equivalence ratio F. Consider the combustion of hydrocarbon CxHy, where x and y are known for a given hydrocarbon (e.g., for methane, CH4, x = 1, y = 4). The general equation for non-ideal combustion of hydrocarbon CxHy is CxHy +a(O2+3.76N2) = bCO2+cH2O+dN2 +eCO+fO2 +trace where molar coefficients a, b, c, d, e, and f need to be calculated to balance the equation, and “trace” means small quantities of other pollutants, such as alcohols, NOx, aldehydes, etc.
(a) Generate algebraic expressions for coefficients a, b, c, d, e, and f as functions of each other and of (known) x and y as far as possible. In particular, provide equations for b, c, d, and f as functions of x, y, a, and e. Hint: You will not be able to solve explicitly for all the coefficients, since there are 6 unknowns and only 4 elements in the equation with which to generate expressions (C, H, O, and N).
(b) Consider the stoichiometric case in which there is no excess air, a = astoich, and there is no CO or excess air on the RHS (e = f = 0). Generate expressions for coefficients a (a = astoich), b, c, and d as functions of only x and y.
(c) Gasoline is mostly octane, C8H18. For octane, calculate the molar coefficients and write the final chemical equation for the stoichiometric case.
(d) Now consider combustion of octane with F = 0.833333… Also, molar coefficient e is known to be 2 in this particular case. Calculate the molar coefficients and write the final chemical equation for this case. Is this rich or lean combustion
(e) Calculate the mol fraction of CO (in PPM) of the exhaust gas products of the case of Part (d).
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.