Why Is It Important to Know How to Write a Conclusion to a Research Paper?
The defense of the diploma is a key stage of education in any university, which will require a high commitment.
During a student’s in the defense of a diploma, members of the commission do not have time to read the whole project. The subject of their attention is two sections – an introduction and the conclusion of your diploma. The conclusion of the study summarizes and assembles the whole concept of meaningful results you have reached in your paper. The preparation of this part of the project should be taken very seriously.
Despite the fact that the conclusion is a small part of the work that is already done, the majority of graduates have a lot of problems when dealing with this part of the work.
As it follows from the term, «conclusion» is the part of the research paper, which contains the main findings of the scientific text. The conclusions should contain the following:
- The results that have been made in the process of the disclosure of the topic.
- The results of the conducted researches.
- Scientific novelty of the work.
- Prospects for innovation and development.
The question is where to start with the conclusions? Perhaps, the best option is to begin with an introductory speech, which is a mandatory component of any section of scientific papers. As a rule, this section should be of several not long sentences relating to the theoretical part of the project, which will bring the commission to the heart of the problems analyzed in the framework of a thesis paper. Only after, it is recommended to start the presentation of the main findings and highlights the work.
The conclusion in the thesis work contains a total on the study, that is, it is the logical conclusion of this work. Here it is necessary to draw a conclusion on the entire work, brief but to the point and on topic.
The conclusion of the diploma can be divided into three components:
- Findings of the theoretical section.
- Conclusions of the analytical section.
- The proposed recommendations.
It should be borne in mind that the conclusions are constructed on the basis of the tasks set in the introduction, which can be reflected in the points. That is, in theory, findings are logical extension of the intro part. If the introduction contains the goals, the conclusions indicate whether it was possible to achieve them; if the introduction contains the tasks that you must perform in the research, the conclusions describe the results you have found. In this case, if you follow the introduction, you can make a logical conclusion without missing anything and will know the key to how to write a conclusion to a research paper.
The beginning in the introduction should begin with an introductory speech. Usually, the speech is just a few words from the theoretical part on the essence of the problem, and then it contains conclusions and proposals. In addition, the conclusions must keep the overall style of the writing, that is, scientific. Do not use colloquial language and expressions. At the end of the conclusions there must also be the conclusion of the results obtained. For example, Proposed measures to improve the company’s activities, in particular, the increase in the volume of output will lead to higher profits if the implementation of the scheme, developed in the practical part of the work.
Conclusions should be done briefly, and contain only the main results of the diploma. If in the process of writing a paper, you were making the conclusions to every chapter of the project, then it will be much easier to write a conclusion. However, this does not mean that you can simply copy them to a conclusion. You need to paraphrase the findings and add them to a conclusion. The volume of conclusion is usually three pages and it should be done very efficiently, since this section attract special attention of the members of the evaluation commission.
Thus, in order to know how to write a conclusion to a research paper correctly, you must do the following:
- Focus on a small volume, an average of two pages. It is best to make conclusions not as a text, but instead use the points and individual sections. First of all, it will visually add the clarity to the formulations, and second of all, structured findings can be used as the speech of intro during the defense process.
- Relate the findings of the paper with the objectives that were set in the introduction. In addition, the results that were written in the end of the chapters should also be included in the general conclusion. Thus, your conclusions will have a couple of sentences of the theoretical chapter, three sentences on the results of analytical analysis, and one sentence on the future recommendations. Also the conclusion part should contain the prospects of development of the issue and further study of the problem.
- Describe the results of the diploma point by point that describe the tasks. That is, if the introduction of the problem was formulated in the future tense, the conclusion should state what results have been achieved.
- Present the conclusions in a concise manner, without overloading the dissertation with the figures and the results of calculations, of course, if that does not require the specific subject of a dissertation. The conclusion should contain the results, which were achieved during the analysis, as well as the practical significance of the work. Finally, as in other sections of your dissertation paper, in the conclusions you should use the impersonal form of address, like «were designed», «research has resulted.»
Methodology of Writing a Diploma
The first thing in preparing a diploma or thesis is the selection of literature. Most likely, your supervisor will recommend authors, scientists, whose works are fundamental to your topic. Nowadays, most of the necessary literature can be found online in an electronic form, which saves a lot of time. Then, after you choose the necessary resources, you should proceed to the writing of the diploma in accordance with the plan.
The introduction of the diploma is a very important part of the work, as it indicates and explains the reason for the relevance of the topic chosen and sets the main issues to be addressed in the thesis. Feel free to use quotes of scientists and theorists. It will brighten the scientific language of your paper.
Quotations from scientific periodicals and monographs will be necessary in the main part of the diploma. It is advisable to use the most recent scientific articles. By the way, depending on your specialty and the theme of the diploma, you may need to use regulatory legal acts. If you refer to a law or regulation, check whether there have been any changes to it.
The important part is the practical section of the diploma, and the listing of the practical examples. The priceless material for your diploma will be the inclusion of statistics or the results of small studies conducted you (e.g., questionnaires or polls). The materials collected during the pre-diploma practice are often included in the paper as well.
When writing the main part of the diploma, it is necessary to reveal all the points of the plan, to provide answers to all the questions raised, to present different points of view of scientists on the issues raised in the diploma. Be sure to closely link theory with practice, and history with modernity. In the final part of the diploma sum up the work you have done, briefly repeat the conclusions from the main body, and give your own proposals and recommendations according to the study of the problems. The recommendations mentioned above will help you better understand how to write a conclusion to a research paper.
After writing a diploma, it is to be tested by your supervisor. Sometimes, they ask students to hand over parts of the diploma, that is, after writing each chapter. The checking will take some time, be prepared to make changes, additions, and various adjustments to the text of the work. Once you have corrected all of these shortcomings, the final version of the dissertation is handed over for the check, and is approved by the department to the defense. In some universities papers are examined for antiplagiarism. Also, the review of the supervisor and of an independent specialist is attached to the paper.
In conclusion, it must be said that the process of writing a diploma is very creative, and takes a lot of time. Therefore, it is recommended not to wait until the last moment and begin writing a paper as soon as possible, evenly distributing the load and correctly scheduling the time. Knowing all the basic rules of how to write a conclusion to a research paper will help you to successfully write and defend your project.
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