1. True or False. Justify for full credit.(a) A is an event, and Ac is the complement of A, then P(A AND Ac ) = 0.(b) If the variance of a data set is 0, then all the observations in this data set must be zero.(c) If a 95% confidence interval for a population mean contains 1, then the 90% confidenceinterval for the same parameter must contain 1(d) When plotted on the same graph, a distribution with a mean of 40 and a standard deviationof 10 will look more spread out than a distribution with a mean of 50 and standarddeviation of 5.(e) In a twotailed test, the value of a test statistic is 2. The test statistic follows a distributionwith the distribution curve shown below. If we know the shaded area is 0.03, then we havesufficient evidence to reject the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. 2. Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit. (a) A study was conducted at a local college to analyze the average GPA of students graduatedfrom UMUC in 2015. 100 students graduated from UMUC in 2015 were randomly selected,and the average GPA for the group is 3.5. The value 3.5 is a(i)statistic(ii)parameter(iii)cannot be determined (b) The hotel ratings are usually on a scale from 0 star to 5 stars. The level of this measurement is(i)interval(ii)nominal(iii)ordinal(iv)ratio (c) On the Election Day, UMUC News Club organized an exit poll in which specific pollingstations were randomly selected and all voters were surveyed as they left those polling stations.This type of sampling is called:(i) cluster (ii)(iii)(iv) conveniencesystematicstratified 3. Choose the best answer. Justify for full credit. (a) A study of 10 different weight loss programs involved 500 subjects. Each of the 10 programshad 50 subjects in it. The subjects were followed for 12 months. Weight change for eachsubject was recorded. You want to test the claim that the mean weight loss is the same for the10 programs. What statistical approach should be used?(i)ttest(ii)linear regression(iii)ANOVA(iv)confidence interval (b) A STAT 200 instructor teaches two classes. She wants to test if the variances of the scoredistribution for the two classes are different. What type of hypothesis test should she use?(i)ttest for two independent samples(ii)ttest for matched samples(iii)ztest for two samples(iv)F test 4. A random sample of 100 students was chosen from UMUC STAT 200 classes. The frequencydistribution below shows the distribution for study time each week (in hours). (Show allwork. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.)Study Time (in hours) Frequency 0.0 â 4.95.0 – 9.9 5130.22 10.0 – 14.915.0 19.9 Relative Frequency 42 20.0 â 24.9Total (a)(b)(c) 100 Complete the frequency table with frequency and relative frequency. Express the relativefrequency to three decimal places.What percentage of the study times was at least 15 hours?Does this distribution have positive skew or negative skew? Why or why not? 5. The fivenumber summary below shows the grade distribution of a STAT 200 quiz for asample of 1000 students. Answer each question based on the given information, and explain your answer in each case. (a)(b) What is the interquartile range in the grade distribution?Which score band has the fewest students?(i) 20 – 60(ii) 60 – 75(iii) 75 – 90(iv) Cannot be determined(c)How many students are in the score band between 75 and 100? 6. Consider selecting one card at a time from a 52card deck. What is the probability that the firstcard is from the suit of hearts and the second card is also from the suit of hearts? (Note: Thereare 13 cards from the suit of hearts in a deck of cards) (Show all work. Just the answer, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit.) (a)(b) Assuming the card selection is without replacement.Assuming the card selection is with replacement. 7. There are 1000 students in a high school. Among the 1000 students, 150 students take APStatistics, and 300 students take AP French. 100 students take both AP courses. Let S be theevent that a randomly selected student takes AP Statistics, and F be the event that a randomlyselected student takes AP French. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work,will receive no credit. (a)(b) Provide a written description of the complement event of (S OR F).What is the probability of complement event of (S OR F)? 8. Consider rolling a fair 6faced die twice. Let A be the event that the sum of the two rolls is atmost 6, and B be the event that the first one is an even number. (a) What is the probability that the sum of the two rolls is at most 6 given that the first one is aneven number? Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit.Are event A and event B independent? Explain. (b) 9. There are 6 books in the âStatistics is Funâ series. (Show all work. Just the answer, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit). (a)(b) How many different ways can Mimi arrange the 6 books in her book shelf?Mimi plans on bringing three of the six books with her in a road trip. How many different wayscan the two books be selected? 10. Assume random variable x follows a probability distribution shown in the table below.Determine the mean and standard deviation of x. Show all work. Just the answer, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit. xP(x) 20.1 10.4 00.1 10.1 20.3 11. Mimi joined UMUC basketball team since summer 2016. On average, she is able to score 30%of the field goals. Assume she tries 15 field goals in a game. (a) Let X be the number of field goals that Mimi scores in the game. As we know, the distributionof X is a binomial probability distribution. What is the number of trials (n), probability ofsuccesses (p) and probability of failures (q), respectively? (b) Find the probability that Mimi scores at least 2 of the 15 field goals. (round the answer to 3decimal places) Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. 12. A research concludes that the number of hours of exercise per week for adults is normallydistributed with a mean of 3.5 hours and a standard deviation of 3 hours. Show all work. Justthe answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. (a) Find the 75th percentile for the distribution of exercise time per week. (round the answer to 2 decimalplaces)What is the probability that a randomly selected adult has more than 5 hours of exercise per week?(round the answer to 4 decimal places) (b) 13. Assume the SAT Mathematics Level 2 test scores are normally distributed with a mean of 500and a standard deviation of 100. Show all work. Just the answer, without supporting work, willreceive no credit. (a)(b) Consider all random samples of 100 test scores. What is the standard deviation of the samplemeans?What is the probability that 100 randomly selected test scores will have a mean test score that isbetween 490 and 510? 14. An insurance company checks police records on 1200 randomly selected auto accidents andnotes that teenagers were at the wheel in 180 of them. Construct a 90% confidence intervalestimate of the proportion of auto accidents that involve teenage drivers. Show all work. Justthe answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. 15. A city built a new parking garage in a business district. For a random sample of 100 days, dailyfees collected averaged $1,800, with a standard deviation of $500. Construct a 90% confidenceinterval estimate of the mean daily income this parking garage generates. Show all work. Justthe answer, without supporting work, will receive no credit. 16. ABC Company claims that the proportion of its employees investing in individualinvestment accounts is higher than national proportion of 50%. A survey of 100 employees inABC Company indicated that 58 of them have invested in an individual investment account.Assume Mimi wants to use a 0.10 significance level to test the claim. (a)(b)(c)(d) 17. Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit.Determine the Pvalue for this test. Show all work; writing the correct Pvalue, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit.Is there sufficient evidence to support ABC Companyâs claim that the proportion of itsemployees investing in individual investment accounts is higher than 50%? Explain.Mimi was curious if regular excise really helps weight loss, hence she decided to perform ahypothesis test. A random sample of 5 UMUC students was chosen. The students took a 30minute exercise every day for 6 months. The weight was recorded for each individual beforeand after the exercise regimen. Does the data below suggest that regular exercise helps weightloss? Subject12345 Weight (pounds)BeforeAfter160120170168190175165165200190 Assume we want to use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim.(a)Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis. (b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic,without supporting work, will receive no credit.(c) Determine the pvalue. Show all work; writing the correct critical value,without supporting work, will receive no credit.(d) Is there sufficient evident to support the claim that regular exercise helps weight loss?Justify your conclusion. 18. (a)(b)(c)(d) 19. In a pulse rate research, a simple random sample of 120 men results in a mean of 80 beats perminute, and a standard deviation of 11 beats per minute. Based on the sample results, theresearcher concludes that the pulse rates of men have a standard deviation greater than 10 beatsper minutes. Use a 0.10 significance level to test the researcherâs claim.Identify the null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis.Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit.Determine the Pvalue for this test. Show all work; writing the correct Pvalue, withoutsupporting work, will receive no credit.Is there sufficient evidence to support the researcherâs claim? Explain. The UMUC Daily News reported that the color distribution for plain M&Mâs was: 40%brown, 20% yellow, 20% orange, 10% green, and 10% tan. Each piece of candy in a randomsample of 100 plain M&Mâs was classified according to color, and the results are listed below.Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the published color distribution is correct.Show all work and justify your answer.ColorNumber Brown45 Yellow21 Orange11 Green8 Tan15 (a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.(b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic,without supporting work, will receive no credit.(c) Determine the pvalue. Show all work; writing the correct critical value,without supporting work, will receive no credit.(d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the published color distribution iscorrect? Justify your answer. 20. A STAT 200 instructor believes that the average quiz score is a good predictor of final examscore. A random sample of 10 students produced the following data where x is the average quizscore and y is the final exam score.xy 8072 5060 6055 10090 7060 8585 4035 6560 7578 9095 (a)(b) Find an equation of the least squares regression line. Show all work; writing the correctequation, without supporting work, will receive no credit.Based on the equation from part (a), what is the predicted final exam score if the average quizscore is 95? Show all work and justify your answer.
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