That is a literature review paper in technology field, you need at least 6 peer reviewed articles.
Literature Review Assignment
Requirements: Your Review of the Literature should have no fewer than eight credible sources (no Wikipedia or textbooks), at least six of which should be scholarly (peer reviewed) articles and may be primary or secondary (remember that book reviews, introductions, and editorials in scholarly journals are not peer reviewed). You may exceed the eight source minimum as long as there are six scholarly sources. The remaining two sources may be popular, trade/professional, scholarly or any combination of these categories. These sources are those you find as you explore your research question and write about them in the summary/discussion papers and the annotated bibliography. Your Literature Reviews should include correct in-text citations and a References (APA) page at the end for full citations of your sources (without annotations).
Grading: The literature review assignment with the accompanying grant proposal are worth 70 points, up to 5 of which will be earned by completion of a preliminary in-class synthesis activity.
Objective: To gain mastery over your research material by carefully organizing,
synthesizing, and evaluating sources with a view to future possibilities for your topic, whether they are your recommendations for best practices or ideas for future research. Thus, the Literature Review is not an end in itself, but should be seen as a means of gathering important information so you may answer the question: What should happen next to solve a problem, add to research efforts, or improve current practices Your Letter of Intent for a grant proposal will be the vehicle for advancing those ideas.
Audience: Academic, including advanced students and practitioners in your field. Avoid contractions and personal pronouns whenever possible.
SLOs: This assignment is designed to demonstrate how you have met the following student learning outcomes as set by the Students as Scholars program:
*articulate and refine a research question
*follow ethical principles (avoid plagiarism! remember our tutorial!)
*distinguish between personal beliefs and evidence (for those in the
sciences note the difference between results and interpretation)
*gather, evaluate, and analyze evidence that will help you explore your research question
*communicate your original thinking throughout the course of the literature
review by engaging with your source material and, as stated above, considering what new research, program(s), or changes to best practices might solve a problem or meet a challenge.
For this assignment you will not be writing summaries of your sources as you did for the annotated bibliography. Instead, you will compose a review that does the following:
Discovers conflicts, contradictions, and variables among the authors ideas/methods/evidence;
Reveals gaps in the research to identify a possible direction for your own conclusions/recommendations/ideas for research;
Demonstrates the relationships between your sources which will enable you to organize them into categories (category titles will appear as subheadings in your review); methodologies, definitions, results, etc. should be compared when possible. Avoid summing up sources without making connections between them. The examples in our readings and sample literature reviews should be helpful in that they will show how to set up categories and demonstrate very strong relationships between the sources. We will also have an in-class exercise using a table to plot out these relationships. In your review language such as Like Jones, or While Smith believes _________, Jones argues that__________ shows that you are not only examining individual authors but also viewing the scholarly field for your issue as a whole by making these connections.
Provides your own critique of sources as you review them, as well as in the conclusion which should include a brief overview of positions presented, as well as your take on the overall significance of others findings that could contribute to your own recommendation(s) or possible future research project.
Summary of Guidelines and Hints for Writing the Rough Draft:
1. Careful reading of your sources will make their synthesis easier as categories will suggest themselves. For example, individual sources for the topic of HIV/AIDS categories might mention the current state of the disease, geographic distribution of those affected, various treatments, and prevention; you would take notes on each time your authors make a point that falls into one of those categories.
2. You will begin with an introduction that should indentify the topic area in broad terms, and then narrow it down to your particular interest in the subject and state your research question. For example, bacteria are becoming increasingly drug resistant with consequences for all living things. Then you could mention some of these threats before saying something like “one source is the excessive amounts of preventative antibiotics administered to animals raised for human consumption.” Your research question might be something like “Are there alternatives to using antibiotics to prevent disease in livestock ” It is also important to stress why your topic is important (statistics are a useful way to draw attention to the significance of your issue) and to whom (so what who cares ). A “road map” at the end outlining your categories will help to prepare the reader for what you are about to say. We will have a peer review in class for the introduction.
3. If there are differences in definitions of key terms among your sources, point them out early in the review.
4. Each category/subheading should contain a synthesis of its authors’ points and, when possible or appropriate, your own response to the person(s)’ ideas, methods, etc. Remember that noting that an article was “easy” or “hard” to read is not a critical comment. If you deem one study or theory is of particular importance, say so and why you think so (it is bigger, more recent, had a better methodology which included_______), etc.
5. Avoid quoting!! It is important to realize that the ability to put a complex argument or concept into your own words demonstrates a deeper understanding of the material than just quoting significant passages.
6. Mark boundaries!! Be very careful that you clearly indicate where your sources and your own comments begin and end. Not doing so can, at the very least, be confusing, and at worst it is plagiarism. There will be an in-class exercise on this later in the semester.
7. Cite all sources carefully, both in-text and on the References page. Sloppy citations will cost points.
8. Be aware of the publication dates of your sources. A 5-year range for scholarship in the sciences is appropriate; if you have earlier studies you may certainly use them, but let the reader know you are aware of the difference and defend its use, e.g., although study X was published in 1999, all subsequent studies have adopted some of the authors results.
9. As suggested above, your conclusion should sum up your reaction to the research, but also point to your own questions, conclusions, or recommendations on the topic.
Hint: Some suggestions you’ve heard before: Read each article at least twice!! And take notes!! I can t emphasize these points enough. I love trees, but printing out on-line articles and making notes in the margins, as well as underlining key passages, will make your lives much easier.
I have referred to the following for some of this assignment:
Galvan, J.L. (2009). Writing literature reviews. Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.
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