LEGAL, ETHICAL, AND PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCAREOrder Description
Use the readings to evaluate the philosophical and theoretical underpinnings of ethical decision-making and compare and contrast two differing essential features or core principles of medical and behavioral ethical codes.
In a study of primary care physicians, Rolfsen determined that ethical issues arise in a whopping 33% of visits (2010). As if to emphasize the point, Rosenbaum agonizes regarding societal expectations that place PCPs into ethical dilemmas (2011). As Joseph Des Jardins succinctly explains, we need ethics to systematically analyze and answer questions such as, “How should I live ” and “What should I do ” (2011).
Ethical dilemmas in healthcare warrant a deliberate and systematic examination of ethical components, including ethical gaps and inadequacies, ethical standards, ethical philosophies, ethical perspectives, ethical processes, and ethical approaches and decision-making (Runyan, Robinson, & Gould, 2013; Botes, 2000a; Botes, 2000b; O’Donnell, 2013; Lawrence & Curlin, 2009)
Freeman and McDonnell introduce two philosophical approaches to ethical decision-making, utilitarianism and deontology (2001). Quite simply, utilitarianism measures actions based on the value of the consequences, and deontology measures actions based on the intention Freeman & McDonnel, 2001; O’Donnell, 2013; Lajeunesse & Lussier, 2010).
Botes introduces two ethical perspectives (2000a), ethics of justice and ethics of care. Ethics of justice is based on concrete impartial rules, and ethics of care is grounded in empathy and context (Botes, 2000a; O’Donnell, 2013). Both perspectives are inadequate in and of themselves; they should both be considered during ethical discourse (Botes, 2000b).
One of the Joint Principles of the PCMH is grounded in patient-centered care (Braddock, Snyder, Neubauer, & Fischer, 2012), and traditional principles of codes of ethics resonate with patient-centeredness: justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and respect for patient autonomy (Braddock, Snyder, Neubauer, & Fischer, 2012; O’Donnell, 2013; Sokon, McFadzean, Dickson, & Whitaker, 2011).
Philosophical approaches (utilitarianism and deontology), perspectives (ethics of justice and ethics of care), and principles of professional codes of ethics are considered in ethical discourse. Incorporated are patient rights and perspective (Barry & Edgman-Levitan, 2012) as well as provider telos, the virtues of the professional (Botes, 200b; O’Donnell, 2013).
Barry, M. & Edgman-Levitan, S.(2012). Shared decision making–The pinnacle of patient-centered care. The New England Journal of Medicine, (366)9, 780-781. Retrieved from https://www.nejm.org.ezproxy1.lib.asu.edu/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJMp1109283
Botes, A. (2000a). A comparison between the ethics of justice and the ethics of care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(5), 1071-1075. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.01576.x
Botes, A. (2000b). An integrated approach to ethical decision-making in the health team. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32(5), 1076-1082. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.2000.01577.x
Braddock, C., Snyder, L., Neubauer, R. L., & Fischer, G. S (2012). The patient-centered medical home: An ethical analysis of principles and practice. Journal of Internal Medicine, (28)1, 141-146. doi: 10.1007/s11606-012-2170-x
Freeman, J., & McDonnell, K. (2001). Ethical theory and medical ethics. Tough decisions: Cases in medical ethics (pp. 185-211). New York, NY: Oxford. Retrieved from https://myasucourses.asu.edu/
Lawrence, R., & Curlin, F. (2009). Physicians’ beliefs about conscience in medicine: A national survey. Academic Medicine, 84(9), 1276-1282.doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3181b18dc5
O’Donnell, R. (2013). Modified by L. Manson 2013. IBC 660: Healthcare legal, ethical, and professional issues: Theories of ethics. [PowerPoint] retrieved from https://myasucourses.asu.edu/
Richard, C., Lajeunesse, Y., & Lussier, M. (2010). Therapeutic privilege: Between the ethics of lying and the practice of truth. Journal of Medical Ethics, 36, 353-357. doi: 10.1136/jme.2009.033340
Rolfsen M.L. (2010). Ethics in the primary care office. Journal of Louisiana State Medical Society, 162, 26-32. Retrieved from https://myasucourses.asu.edu/
Rosenbaum, J. R. (2011). Daily dilemmas. Annals of Internal Medicine, 155(12), 855-856. doi 10.7326/0003-4819-155-12-201112200-00011
Runyan, C., Robinson, P., & Gould, D.A. (2013). Ethical issues facing providers in collaborative primary care settings. Families, Systems, and Health (31)1, 1-8. doi: 10.1037/a0031895
Sokol, D., McFadzean, W., Dickson, W., & Whitaker, I. (2011). Ethical dilemmas in the acute setting: A framework for clinicians. BMJ. doi: 10.1136/bmj.d5528
Reply Quote Mark as Read
Select: All None
Mark (Click to see options)
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.